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哪些行为会构成重婚罪
发布时间:2019-02-18 11:23 新闻来源:厦门私家侦探公司_厦门婚姻调查_厦门外遇调查公司
哪些行为会构成重婚罪
 
Which acts will constitute bigamy crime
 
现在,小三、情人、包二奶等现象逐渐被人们所熟知,那么对于重婚罪你又了解多少呢?本文介绍哪些行为会构成重婚罪,重婚罪有什么构成要件?如何认定?《中华人民共和国刑法》第258条 有配偶而重婚的,或者明知他人有配偶而与之结婚的,处二年以下有期徒刑或者拘役。
 
Nowadays, the phenomena of junior three, lover and second wife are gradually known by people, so how much do you know about bigamy? What behaviors will constitute bigamy crime and what constitutive elements of bigamy crime are introduced in this paper? How to identify it? Article 258 of the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China has a spouse and bigamy, or if someone knows someone else has a spouse and marries him, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than two years or more. They are in detention.
 
根据司法实践经验,重婚行为主要有以下几种类型:
 
According to the experience of judicial practice, bigamy mainly has the following types:
 
1、与配偶登记结婚,与他人又登记结婚而重婚,也即两个法律婚的重婚。有配偶的人又与他人登记结婚,有重婚者欺骗婚姻登记机关而领取结婚证的,也有重婚者和登记机关工作人员互相串通作弊领取结婚证的。
 
1. Marriage registered with spouse and bigamy registered with others, that is, bigamy of two legal marriages. People with spouses register to marry others, bigamy cheats the marriage registration authority to get a marriage certificate, and bigamy and registration authority staff collude to cheat each other to get a marriage certificate.
 
2、与原配偶登记结婚,与他人没有登记确以夫妻关系同居生活而重婚, 重婚罪在主观方面表现为直接故意,即明知他人有配偶而与之结婚或自己有配偶而故意与他人结婚。如果没有配偶一方确实不知对方有配偶而与之结婚或以夫妻关系共同生活的,无配偶一方不构成重婚罪,有配偶一方则构成重婚罪。重婚的动机是多种多样的,有的是喜新厌旧;有的是出于贪图享乐;有的是封建思想作祟等等。但动机不影响重婚罪的成立。
 
2. Marriage registered with the original spouse is bigamy without registration. The crime of bigamy is manifested in the subjective aspect as direct intent, that is, to marry someone knowingly who has a spouse or to marry someone knowingly who has a spouse. If one spouse does not know that the other spouse has a spouse and marries him or lives together with him or her, the non-spouse does not constitute bigamy, while the spouse constitutes bigamy. There are various motives for bigamy, some of which are new-minded and old-fashioned, some of which are for the sake of pleasure, some are for the sake of feudal thought and so on. But motivation does not affect the establishment of bigamy.
 
评析:
 
Comment on:
 
一、概念和构成
 
I. Concept and Composition
 
重婚罪是指有配偶又与他人结婚,或者明知他人有配偶而与之结婚的行为。
 
Bigamy refers to the act of marrying another person with a spouse or knowing that another person has a spouse.
 
(一)客体要件
 
(1) Elements of Object
 
重婚罪侵犯的客体是一夫一妻制的婚姻关系
 
The object of bigamy is monogamous marriage
 
(二)客观要件
 
(2) Objective Elements
 
行为人具有重婚的行为。即有配偶的人又与他人结婚的,或者明知他人有配偶而与之结婚的。
 
The perpetrator is bigamy. That is, a person who has a spouse marries another person, or knows that another person has a spouse and marries him.
 
“有 配偶”是指男人有妻、女人有夫,而且这种夫妻关系未经法律程序解除尚在存续;如果夫妻关系已经解除,或者因配偶一方死亡夫妻关系自然消失,即不再是有配偶 的人。所谓“又与他人结婚”,包括登记结婚的,和虽未经婚姻登记但以夫妻名义同居生活的。所谓“明知他人有配偶而与之结婚的”,是指本人虽无配偶,但明知 对方有配偶,而故意与之结婚的(包括登记结婚或者未登记以夫妻名义同居生活)。
 
"Spouse" means that a man has a wife and a woman has a husband, and the relationship between husband and wife is still in existence without legal procedure; if the relationship between husband and wife has been dissolved, or if the relationship between husband and wife disappears naturally due to the death of one of the spouses, it is no longer a person with a spouse. The so-called "marrying another person" includes those who are registered to marry and those who live together in the name of husband and wife without marriage registration. The so-called "marrying someone who knows that they have a spouse" refers to the person who knows that he or she has a spouse and intentionally marries him or her (including registered marriage or living together in the name of husband and wife).
 
1、登记结婚很容易理解,关键是“事实婚姻”的理解?
 
1. Registered marriage is easy to understand. The key is the understanding of "de facto marriage"?
 
《婚姻法》上对于事实婚姻之理解,根据《最高人民法院关于适用〈中华人民共和国婚姻法〉若干问题的解释(一)》(2001年12月25日)第五条规定,“未按婚姻法第八条规定办理结婚登记而以夫妻名义共同生活的男女,起诉到人民法院要求离婚的,应当区别对待: A、1994年2月1日民政部《婚姻登记管理条例》公布实施以前,男女双方已经符合结婚实质要件的,按事实婚姻处理;B、1994年2月1日民政部《婚姻登记管理条例》公布实施以后,男女双方符合结婚实质要件的,人民法院应当告知其在案件受理前补办结婚登记;未补办结婚登记的,按解除同居关系处理。”
 
According to Article 5 of the Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court on the Application of the Marriage Law of the People's Republic of China (1) (December 25, 2001), the understanding of de facto marriage in the Marriage Law stipulates that "men and women who do not register for marriage and live together in the name of husband and wife in accordance with Article 8 of the Marriage Law shall be treated differently when they are sued by the People's Court for divorce: Before the promulgation and implementation of the Regulations on Marriage Registration Administration of the Ministry of Civil Affairs on February 1, 1994, if both men and women have met the substantive requirements of marriage, they shall be treated in accordance with the factual marriage; B. After the promulgation and implementation of the Regulations on Marriage Registration Administration of the Ministry of Civil Affairs on February 1, 1994, if both men and women meet the substantive requirements of marriage, the people's court shall inform them to re-register the marriage before the case is accepted; and no re-registration In case of dissolution of cohabitation, it shall be dealt with.
 
可见,根据上述解释,1994年2月1日前,男女双方同居并符合结婚条件的,为事实婚姻;即使在94年2月1日后,只要符合结婚条件,经补办手续,其之前的同居期间,也视为事实婚姻存续期。
 
Obviously, according to the above explanation, before February 1, 1994, when both men and women live together and meet the conditions for marriage, it is a de facto marriage; even after February 1, 1994, as long as the conditions for marriage are met and the formalities are completed, the period of cohabitation before that is also regarded as the duration of de facto marriage.
 
2、“事实婚姻”与重婚罪构成
 
2. Factual Marriage and the Constitution of Bigamy Crime
 
司法实践认为,重婚罪的构成只能根据《刑法》及刑法理论,《婚姻法》只是界定民事范畴的婚姻效力问题,二者在现行法律框架下不应混同。
 
Judicial practice holds that the constitution of bigamy crime can only be based on the Criminal Law and the theory of criminal law, while the Marriage Law only defines the effectiveness of marriage in the civil sphere, which should not be confused under the current legal framework.
 
很多人以“登记婚姻”和“事实婚姻”存在与否,来看是否存在重婚,司法实践认为不准确。例如,甲乙一对男女(其中甲已与他人登记结婚,且婚姻关系尚在存续),在94年2月1日后,甲乙开始以夫妻名义同居生活,但未进行婚姻登记。如果甲乙补办登记手续,甲乙同居即构成了“事实婚姻”或“登记婚姻”,从而构成重婚。问题是如果他们不补办婚姻登记手续,就不能构成事实婚姻,只是非法同居,按照上述有些人的片面理解,当然就不构成重婚。
 
Many people use the existence of "registered marriage" and "de facto marriage" to see whether bigamy exists or not. Judicial practice believes that it is inaccurate. For example, after February 1, 1994, A and B began to live together in the name of husband and wife, but did not register their marriage. If A and B go through the registration formalities, cohabitation between A and B constitutes "de facto marriage" or "registered marriage", thus constituting bigamy. The problem is that if they do not go through the formalities of marriage registration, they will not constitute a de facto marriage, but illegal cohabitation. According to the one-sided understanding of some of the above people, of course, they will not constitute bigamy.

 

 

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