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争取抚养权的证据
发布时间:2019-02-23 10:43 新闻来源:厦门私家侦探公司_厦门婚姻调查_厦门外遇调查公司
在离婚诉讼中,双方当事人常常对孩子的抚养权存有争议,这种争议分两种情形,一是双方都希望抚养孩子,一种是双方都不希望抚养孩子,实践中以前者居多,我们就以这种情况为例进行说明。
 
In divorce proceedings, both parties often have disputes over the right to child support. This dispute can be divided into two situations: one is that both parties want to raise children, the other is that neither party wants to raise children. In practice, the former is the majority. We will take this situation as an example to illustrate.
 
 
 
 
 
关于孩子的抚养问题,我国 《婚姻法》第36、 37条对此进行了简单的规定,而最高人民法院 《关于审理离婚案件处理子女抚养问题的若干具体意见》对此作了较为详细的规定。根据我国对孩子抚养权问题的立法精神,当事人应着重从 “有利于孩子健康成长”的角度去收集证据。
 
Regarding the issue of child-rearing, Articles 36 and 37 of the Marriage Law of our country simply stipulate it, while the Supreme People's Court's "Several Specific Opinions on Dealing with Child-rearing in the Trial of Divorce Cases" stipulates it in more detail. According to the spirit of legislation on child custody in China, the parties concerned should focus on collecting evidence from the perspective of "conducive to the healthy growth of children".
 
 
 
 
 
1、夫妻双方的综合素质
 
1. Comprehensive qualities of husband and wife
 
 
 
在日常家庭生活中,父母的待人接物、生活理念、道德品质及学习热情等特性时时影响着自己的孩子,所以,争取抚养权一方应尽力将自身具备的这些优势展现出来。比如提供教育经历证明、单位颁发的荣誉证书,对方违纪违规受单位处罚、违法犯罪受到处理的证据等。
 
In daily family life, the characteristics of parents'reception, life philosophy, moral quality and enthusiasm for learning affect their children from time to time. Therefore, the party who strives for the right of upbringing should try their best to show these advantages. For example, the certificate of educational experience, the certificate of honor issued by the unit, the evidence that the other party violates discipline and regulations and is punished by the unit, and the evidence that the crime is dealt with, etc.
 
 
 
 
 
2、双方的抚养能力
 
2. Maintenance ability of both sides
 
 
 
法院确认双方的抚养能力主要看两方面:一是双方的经济能力;二是双方的家庭环境,包括家庭成员的情况。如果当事人有充分的经济实力,能为孩子提供良好的学习生活环境,对争取抚养权是非常有利的。
 
The court affirmed that the ability of the two sides to support mainly depends on two aspects: one is the economic ability of both sides; the other is the family environment of both sides, including the situation of family members. If the parties have sufficient economic strength and can provide a good learning and living environment for the children, it is very beneficial to strive for the right of maintenance.
 
 
 
如果当事人家庭里还有身体健康的父母,他们有能力照顾孩子,这也需要向法庭说明。当事人可提供自己单位的工资证明、缴税单据,经营公司的还可以提供公司的营业执照、经营情况的证明,另外还可以让自己的父母出庭说明。
 
If there are healthy parents in the family, they have the ability to take care of their children, which also needs to be explained to the court. The parties concerned can provide their own unit's salary certificate, tax payment receipt, business license and business situation certificate, and also can let their parents appear in court to explain.
 
 
 
 
 
3、孩子的意见
 
3. Children's Views
 
 
 
如果孩子已满10周岁,当事人应征求孩子的意见,只要孩子不坚持跟随对方,当事人可以作孩子的思想工作。对于孩子的意见,只要求孩子写书面意见,对方会提出异议,一般法官在这种情况下会单独和孩子谈谈,听取孩子的意见并做成笔录入卷。
 
If the child has reached the age of 10, the party concerned should seek the child's opinion, as long as the child does not insist on following the other party, the party concerned can do the child's ideological work. For children's opinions, the other party will raise objections if the child is required to write written opinions. In this case, the judge will talk to the child alone, listen to the child's opinions and make a written entry.
 
 
 
孩子的意见对于决定其抚养权问题是很重要的,但从有利于孩子健康成长的角度,建议家长们向孩子讲清利弊,帮助孩子做个客观明智的选择,但千万不能强制孩子做出选择。
 
Children's opinions are very important for deciding their right to support, but from the perspective of healthy growth of children, parents are advised to explain the advantages and disadvantages to their children and help them make an objective and wise choice, but children must not be forced to make choices.

 

 

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